The capital City of Algeria is Algiers. It is also the largest city in Algeria by area.
Algiers, the capital of Algeria, is a vibrant and bustling city that sits on the north-central coast of the country. With a population of 2.9 million, it is the largest and most important city in Algeria.
The city is known by two nicknames: Algiers the White and Algiers the Dazzling. Let’s explore what makes this city so special.
History and Location
Algiers is steeped in history and has been inhabited by various peoples throughout the ages. The modern city is built on the level ground by the seashore, while the ancient city of the deys, known as the Casbah, climbs the steep hill behind the modern town and is crowned by the Casbah or citadel.
Algiers is situated on the west side of the Bay of Algiers, in the Mediterranean Sea. Its name is derived from the Arabic name al-Jazāʾir (الجزائر), “The Islands,” referring to the four former islands which lay off the city’s coast before becoming part of the mainland in 1525.
The city is a melting pot of cultures and languages. The main languages spoken in Algiers are Dzayer (Berber languages), الجزائر (Arabic), and Alger (French).
Districts of Algiers
Algiers is divided into several districts, including the Casbah, Bab El Oued, Edge of the sea, Kouba, El Harrach, and The Didouche Mourad street. Each district has its unique character and charm.
Industries and Exports
The city’s main industries are oil refining, metal works, food, and petrochemicals. Algiers is also known for its exports, which include iron, grain, citrus fruit, wine, phosphates, oil, and vegetables.
Oldest Mosque in Algiers
The Grand Mosque is the oldest mosque in Algiers, with a history that dates back to 1018. Its beautiful interior is square and is divided into aisles by columns that are joined by Moorish arches.
The New Mosque, built in the form of a Greek cross, dates back to the 17th century. Its stunning white cupola and four small cupolas at the corners make it a must-visit destination in Algiers.
The interior of this mosque is very much the same as that of the Grand Mosque.
In conclusion, Algiers is a unique and fascinating city with a rich history and culture.
Whether you’re interested in exploring the ancient Casbah, trying out delicious Algerian cuisine, or admiring the stunning mosques, Algiers has something for everyone.
So, if you’re looking for a new travel destination, consider Algiers, the White and Dazzling city on the Mediterranean coast.