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What are the top 10 largest countries in Africa by land mass?

According to Wikipedia, there are 54 countries in Africa but all these countries have different sizes and population. You would be surprised to find out that Algeria is bigger than Nigeria by land mass even though many people in different countries know about Nigeria than Algeria.

11 Ethiopia – 1,104,300 km2 (426,373 sq mi)

Ethiopia – 1,104,300 km2 (426,373 sq mi)

The first African country on our list is Ethiopia, the oldest independent country in Africa. It is also the second largest African country with the largest population after Nigeria.

Ethiopia is the 10th the biggest country in Africa in terms of land mass. The capital of Ethiopia is Addis Ababa and it is a unique city that can boast of being the highest capital city in Africa above sea level.

Ethiopia is a beautiful country with different volcanoes, deserts, architectures, highlands and wildlife. It is the home of Lake Tana which goes into Blue Nile, one of the major tributaries of River Nile.

It is the only country with a 12-hour time system whether your counting from morning till night or night till morning which is an amazing fact on its own.

10 South Africa – 1,221,037 km2 (471,445 sq mi)

South Africa – 1,221,037 km2 (471,445 sq mi)

Next on the list of the largest country in Africa in terms of geographical land mass is South Africa, the country with the largest economy in Africa. South Africa obtained its name from the geographical location of the country which is at the Southern tip of Africa.

South Africa is known as Unie van Zuid-Afrika in Dutch which means the Union of South Africa. The country is blessed with Table Mountain which is known as one of the oldest mountains in the world.

It can also boast of having one of the six floral kingdoms (Cape Floral Kingdom) in the world and the location to one of earth’s 12 energy centers, electric, magnetic and spiritual energy.

9 Mali – 1,240,192 km2 (478,841 sq mi)

Mali – 1,240,192 km2 (478,841 sq mi)

Even though Mali is an African country with a population of 19,664,103, it is the 8th largest country in Africa by land mass and the 24th largest country in the world. 

The country shares boundaries with 7 countries which are Côte d’Ivoire, Senegal, Algeria, Burkina Faso, Mauritania, Niger and Guinea.

The Republic of Mali is described as one of the hottest countries in the world apart from Ethiopia, Sudan, Tunisia and Algeria. The country depends on mining of gold and exportation of agricultural produce as the main source of revenue.

Mali depends on agricultural exports and gold mining for its main revenue.

8 Angola – 1,246,700 km2 (481,354 sq mi)

Angola – 1,246,700 km2 (481,354 sq mi)

Angola is known as a Portuguese colonized colony and derived its name from the Kibundu word for king. The country is one of the African countries that have the fastest growing economy in the world.

Angola is the home to one of the largest waterfalls in the world, the Rucana Falls and it has a large population of more that 9,000 officers out of which 6,000 of them are patrol officers.  The well known dreadlocks that is common with many people these days has its root in Angola.

Throughout Angola are beautiful government buildings, rich natural resources, in fact, the capital city of Angola (Luanda) is the most expensive city for expats. Luanda is also known as the Paris of Africa.

7 Niger – 1,284,000 km2 (495,755 sq mi)

Niger – 1,284,000 km2 (495,755 sq mi)

Niger got its name from the River Niger which is situated is West Africa. It has some of the most amazing sights like Tenere Desert, Air Mountains, Musee National du Niger among others. It is the largest country in West Africa by land mass.

Niger suffers from very hot weather and dryland due to the country being mostly covered by the Sahara desert. It is no wonder it has the nickname “Frying Pan of The World”.

Air and Tenere Natural reserve is one of the largest protected reserves in the world and is situated in Niger. This reserve can boast of various wild animals, landscapes and plant species.

6 Chad – 1,759,540 km2 (679,362 sq mi)

Chad – 1,759,540 km2 (679,362 sq mi)

Chad has the honour of being the largest landlocked country in Africa among other countries which are South Sudan, Burkina Faso, Zimbabwe, Burundi, Ethiopia, Mali, Zambia, Central African Republic, Malawi, Uganda, Lesotho, Swaziland, Niger, Rwanda and Botswana.

If you’re wondering what is a landlocked country? According to Wikipedia, “A landlocked state or landlocked country is a sovereign state entirely enclosed by land, or whose only coastlines lie on closed seas”.

The Babel Tower of The Word which is the nickname of Chad has very limited number of doctors and is one country that haven’t had the opportunity to go for FIFA World Championships ever.

However, the country has the Lake Chad which is the seventeenth largest lake in the world and the source of water for many people in the countries of Nigeria, Cameroon, Niger and Chad itself. Chad also got its name from Lake Chad.

5 Libya – 1,759,540 km2 (679,362 sq mi)

Libya – 1,759,540 km2 (679,362 sq mi)

The name of the country “Libya” evolved from a neologism that was created as a result of their Italian conquest in the early 20s.

Libya is one of the African countries that make up the North Africa. The other five countries being Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt and Sudan. It is also one of the less populated countries in Africa. What it does not have in population, it makes up for in land mass.

Arabic is the main spoken language in the country and the country has 5 UNESCO world heritage sites to show off. The largest city in the country is Tripoli and it is also the capital city of Libya.It is also the home to many beaches like Ras Alteen, Ras Al-Hammamah, Zuwarah and Farwa Island.

4 Sudan – 1,861,484 km2 (718,723 sq mi)

Sudan – 1,861,484 km2 (718,723 sq mi)

The Republic of Sudan is the third largest country in Africa by land mass. Its largest city is Khartoum and the capital of the country just like in the case of Libya.

Scuba divers would love this country as the scuba diving is very popular and common sport in the country due to the availability of many beaches.

Other tourist attractions in the country include the Sanganeb National Park, Pyramids of Meroe, Dinder National Park among others.

Majority of the population in the country are Muslims and the country is the largest producer of gum arabic. However, it is also a poor country irrespective of the resources they have.

Athletes and footballers would definitely love the country as the most popular sports in the country are football, track and field sports.

3 Republic of Congo –  2,344,858 km2 (905,355 sq mi)

Republic of Congo –  2,344,858 km2 (905,355 sq mi)

The Republic of Congo otherwise known as Congo-Brazzavile or Congo Republic is located in Central Africa and shares its borders with four other countries.

The country is home to “Parc National Nouabalé-Ndoki” which was nicknamed the “Last Eden” and named as  a World Heritage site due to its extra-ordinariness.

Republic of Congo also have two wet seasons and two dry seasons with a high level of heat and humidity. The country is home to Eastern lowland gorillas, bonobos which can not be found in other places or countries apart from Congo.

This is the second largest African country by land mass.

2 Algeria – 2,381,741 km2 (919,595 sq mi)

Algeria – 2,381,741 km2 (919,595 sq mi)

What is the largest country in Africa by land mass? The largest country in Africa by land mass is Algeria or the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria with a pleasant climate throughout the year. Algeria sits on the coast of Mediterranean ocean and has a very beautiful setting.

Algerians are very hospitable people and traditionally greets visitors by offering them milk and Algerian dates which is said to be some of the best dates on earth.

The official religion of the country is Islam, the official language is Arabic and Muslim clothing is the major wears of all Algerians.

P.S. The smallest country in Africa by land mass is Seychelles with a land mass of 451 km2(174 sq mi). Nigeria comes 14th with a land mass of  923,768 km2(356,669 sq mi) according to Wikipedia.

However, what Nigeria doesn’t make up for in land mass, it makes up for in population. This is because Nigeria is the African country with the largest population.

Now you know the names of the largest countries in the Africa by land mass.

We hope you enjoyed our list of largest countries in Africa by land mass.

Here’s a quick recap of the top 10 largest countries in the Africa by land mass:

  • 1. Algeria – 2,381,741 km2
  • 2. Republic of Congo –  2,344,858 km2
  • 3. Sudan – 1,861,484 km2
  • 4. Libya – 1,759,540 km2
  • 5. Chad – 1,759,540 km2
  • 6. Niger – 1,284,000 km2
  • 7. Angola – 1,246,700 km2
  • 8. Mali – 1,240,192 km2
  • 9. South Africa – 1,221,037 km2
  • 10. Ethiopia – 1,104,300 km2

1 The Top 10 Largest Countries In Africa By Land Mass

Every African country definitely has its own land mass, population or territory. The following is a round up post of the largest countries in Africa by land mass. Information on this post is obtained from sources such as Wikipedia, World population review and Worldatlas.


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