Facts About Bauchi State (18 Things You Should Know)

Bauchi State is one of the northern states in Nigeria. In this article, you’ll learn interesting facts about Benue State

Facts About Bauchi State

facts about bauchi state
facts about bauchi state

Bauchi is Nigeria’s fifth-largest state in terms of land area and its seventh-largest in terms of population as of 2016.

Bauchi state has been home to a lot of different groups of people for a long time, including the Bolewa and Warji in the middle, the Fulani, Karai-Karai and Kanuri in the north, the Fulani and Gerawa around Bauchi, the Zaar (Sayawa) in the south, and the Tangale and Jarawa in the southwest.

Bauchi is situated in the Sudan savannah and the Sahel savannah, two separate vegetation zones as a northern Nigerian state. The state’s southern portion is covered by the Sudan savannah type of vegetation. The continuance of the Jos Plateau has resulted in steep terrain in the southwestern part of the state, whereas the northern part is primarily sandy.

[irp posts=”7921″]

Bauchi state is well-known for its arts and crafts, such as embroidered headgear and robes (known as babbanriga), fiber crafts, and adorned calabashes.

babaringa style from bauchi state
babaringa style from bauchi state

It was part of the then-Northern Region’s Bauchi-Plateau until 1967 when the Bauchi, Borno, and Adamawa provinces merged to form the former North-Eastern State.

There are many things to see and do in Bauchi. In Bauchi State, you can find the Yankari Game Reserve, which is the largest game reserve in West Africa, Rock Paintings at Goji and Shira, the State Museum, Premier Game Reserve and a lot more.

An extensive national park in Bauchi State, Yankari National Park contains numerous waterbucks, African buffalo, patas monkeys, and hippopotami. Yankari National Park is located in the southern part of Bauchi State. It is also home to some of Nigeria’s few remaining African bush elephants, West African lions and African leopards.

Yankari National Park
Yankari National Park

An LGA in the western part of Bauchi State was split off to form Gombe State twenty years after the state was created.

There are two rivers that flow through Bauchi state: the Gongola River in the south and the Jama’are River in the north. A large part of the Hadeja-Jama’are River basin is in Bauchi state, and the state’s different fadama (floodplain) sections make it a good place to grow crops. These are bolstered even more by the number of dams used for irrigation and other things. Dams like the Gubi and Tilde-Fulani dams show how this is true. The Maladumba Lake in the Misau Local Government Area also makes it possible for farming to thrive.

Hadeja Jamaare River basin
Hadeja Jamaare River basin

Who Created Bauchi?

A hunter known as Baushe is said to have settled in the region before the advent of the first traditional ruler of Bauchi emirate Yakubu ibn Dadi, according to local legend. Yaqub was advised by a hunter by the name of Baushe to locate his city west of the Warinje Mountain, and so Baushe was given to the community. In return for his support, Yaqub agreed to name his city after the hunter.

Sheikh Usman dan Fodio’s commander Yakubu established the Bauchi emirate (1800–10). Yakubu captured a sparsely populated area of the Bauchi High Plains, which non-Muslim people mainly inhabited. Ibn Dadi was responsible for constructing the town’s walls, which stretch 6.5 kilometers around (10.5 km).

There are more than a hundred spoken languages in Bauchi state which include Dass, Giiwo, Karekare, Bankal, Izere, Manga, Kariya, Hausa, Fulani, Ciwogai, Kanuri, Shiki and so many more. 

​​Bauchi State’s traditional wrestling and boxing tournaments attract competitors from throughout Africa, including Niger, Chad, and Cameroon. In traditional wrestling, there are two categories: Kokowa (wrestling) and Dambe (boxing). Dambe, a traditional Nigerian one-handed boxing game, is thought to have originated in the north of the country many years ago. As far as anyone can tell, there is no longer any trace of where the invention first took place.

Butchers, it was said, were the ones to have begun it. Initially, the butchers used one fist-wrapped hand as a shield and the other as a defensive tool. Many additional events are held each year to mark the festive season in Bauchi, including the Bauchi Festival. A meeting of local governments is conducted every year at this time. Folk dancing, music, visual art, and fashion design are all represented, as well as innovative creations. 

dambe boxing in Nigeria bbc
dambe boxing in Nigeria bbc

The following natural resources can be found in the state: gold, wolfram, cassiterite (tin ore), columbite, limestone, gypsum, coal, lignite, iron ore, antimony, marble, and tin ore, among others. 

Asbestos manufacturing and meat processing are two examples of the town’s industrial landscape. For many years, Bauchi served as an agricultural hub, but in 1961 the coming of the railway made it possible for it to become a major trading center for peanuts (groundnuts) and cotton as well as crops like millet and soybean. Bazamri PVC – Wire Limited, Kuda Nails Factory, Yankari Natural Water Company, Zaki Flour Mills, and Arewa Ceramic Industry, among other businesses, are located in the state.

Most of the state’s population is Muslim, with a small Christian and traditionalist minority each making up 6% and 9% of the total.

Bauchi State is home to 55 tribal groups, including the MBadawa, Gerawa, Butawa Sayawa, Zulawa Jarawa, Turawa, Karekare, Kanuri, Bolewa, Fa’awa, Warjawa, Boyawa, Kirfawa, and Karekare. On the other side, the Fulani are the most numerous tribe. This implies that they have a variety of histories, occupational habits, religious beliefs, and a variety of other characteristics that contribute to their existence as citizens of the state.

Investment opportunities exist in the following sectors: mining, agriculture, light manufacturing, transportation, tourism, healthcare, and Energy.

​​After Bauchi’s main city, Azare is the state’s second-largest town. It is in the middle of the northernmost part of the state. Azare is 436 meters above sea level as far as the eye can see. Within the city of Azare is the Federal Medical Center Azare, as well as the Federal Government College Azare and the Aminu Sale College of Education Azare. The Azare Airstrip, which is next to a roadway, is about ten kilometers southeast of town.

Azare Airstrip hotels ng
Azare Airstrip hotels ng


Now you know some major facts about Bauchi state, how it got its name and who named it, natural resources and industries that can be found and many more. What other facts would you like to know about Bauchi state?





Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *