Top 10 Hottest Countries In Africa

There are many countries in Africa with a hot climate, but some are much hotter than the rest. In this article, we’ll be discussing the hottest countries in Africa. Africa’s climate has a variety of climates, such as the equatorial climate, the wet and dry tropical climates, the tropical monsoon climate, the semi-arid climate (semi-desert and semi steppe), the desert climate (hyper-arid and arid), and the subtropical mountainous climate.

A temperate climate is rare all through the continent except at very high altitudes and along the margins. Africa’s climate varies more by the amount of rainfall than by the temperatures which are high consistently. The deserts in Africa are the sunniest and driest part of the continent due to the presence of subtropical ridges with warm air masses and soothing continents.


Africa has many heat-related peaks and it has the most extended region, the region with the hottest climate in summer the highest period of sunshine and more. Due to Africa’s location across the equatorial and subtropical latitudes in the northern and southern hemispheres, different climates can be found within the continent.

Africa is mainly located in the intertropical region between the cancer tropics and Capricorn region. Climate change is a threat to Africans because Africa is the most vulnerable continent when it comes to climate change.

Africa is vulnerable to climate change is as a result of various factors such as weak adaptability, high dependence on the ecosystem and poorly developed agricultural systems. 

Top 10 Hottest Countries In Africa


The Republic of Niger is without a coast, it is bounded on the northwest by Algeria, north east by Libya, on the east by Chad, on the south by Nigeria and the Benin Republic, on the west by Burkina Faso and Mali. The population of Niger is Twenty-four million, two hundred and six thousand, six hundred and forty-four (24,206,644).

In this African country, it is very hot and very dry and at some point, eight immigrants were reported to have died from thirst while travelling across the Niger desert to Algeria. Niger recorded the hottest day in history on June 22, 2010, when the temperature was up to 47.1 degree Celsius in the city of Bilma.

The same city broke the record again getting up to 48.2 degree Celsius in June 23. 


Chad is a landlocked country in north-central Africa and the territory of the country is of a shallow basin that rises gradually from the area of Lake Chad in the west, it is surrounded by mountains to the east, north and south Chad is one of the African countries that is affected by desertification due to the nation’s hot climate.

The climate in the country desert in the north with a peak that is above 40 degrees Celsius and occurs from April to October. The highest temperature that was recorded is fifty (50) degrees Celsius.

The country also recorded the hottest day in history and it was June 20, 2010, the temperature in chad reached 47.6 degrees Celsius. It was Paia which is a place in Chad. These seasons are not really good for tourists to visit as the country will be uncomfortable for them.


Libya is a country in the north of Africa although most of the country land areas are located in the Sahara Desert, and a significant part of Libya’s population is situated along its coast. The capital of Libya is Tripoli. Libya includes three historical regions mainly Poznan in the southwest. Tripolitania in the northwest, and Kyrenia in the east.

The Ottoman authorities recognized them as separate provinces, under Italian rule they became one colony which gave birth to modern-day Libya. Libya is one of the hottest countries in the world. Al Aziza in Libya made history after it was recorded by a weather station that the highest temperature ever measured directly on earth.

It was recorded at 136.4 degrees Fahrenheit and the record stood at ninety (90) years. Chadems is now ranked as another hot part of Libya and it has been proven people live in mud houses in order to be able to withstand the heat.


Tunisia the north African country, the accessible coastline of the Mediterranean and the strategic location of the country have attracted tourists and conquerors throughout the ages. The country is known popularly for its cuisine and hospitality has brought tourists throughout Europe and America.

This country is one of the hottest countries in Africa and surely one of the hottest in the world. Kabilli is one of the places that people go to in order to escape the scorching heat of the sun although it is no stranger to high temperatures, mercury has reached above 131 degrees which has been noted as the highest ever in Africa. 


Algeria is a large country with most of its citizens practising Islam, the country is in the north of Africa. From the Mediterranean Sea, in which a majority of its inhabitants live, Algeria exists south deep into the heart of the Sahara Desert where the earth’s warmest surface temperatures have been observed and put on record and this makes up four-fifths of the country’s territory. 

The Sahara and its climate dominate the country. Algeria has nine hundred and nineteen thousand six hundred (919,600) square kilometers of which most are deserts. The population of Algeria is forty-three million fifty-three thousand and fifty (43,053,050) and with a yearly population increase of about 1.85%, the population is expected to double by 2050.

Algeria’s temperature is very hot all through the year and it also has some deserts, in some parts of the country there are snowy mountains but the deserts are everywhere. The average temperature of the country is about fifty (50) to fifty-three (53) degrees Celsius, the hottest temperature that was recorded in the country was in the sola region. Although Algeria is one of the hottest countries in Africa it has been blessed with rains.


Sudan is the vast area of open savannah plains that stretches across Africa which is between the southern borders of the desert of the Sahara, and the northern borders of the equatorial rain forest.

The name of the country is derived from the Arabic “bilad al-Sudan”, which means “land of the black people” in English. The term has been in use since the twelfth (12) century. With a population of about or exceeding forty-three million people, the exact population is forty-two million, eight hundred and thirteen thousand, two hundred and forty (42,813,240).

Sudan is one of the most populated countries in Africa. The country borders South Sudan and Egypt. Although most of Sudan’s soil is arid, it is home to a number of large settlements along the banks of its rivers.

This country is known as the hottest in North Africa because it has high desert soil with a temperature that averages fifty (50) degrees Celsius, the main challenge of the country is the deserts which is a result of rising temperature.

Wadi Haifa, which is a city in Sudan, is one of the hottest there and the city has to endure terrible dust and storms. Hunger has hit Sudan, which makes it hard to get food, and there is hardly any rainfall there. 


The capital is Mogadishu which is located north of the equator in the Indian ocean. Somalia sees little or no rain all year round and most of the country is ravaged by drought and famine. It has an average temperature of fifty (50) degree Celsius, there is a lack of irrigation which make them find it hard to grow their food.


Mali is a landlocked country in West Africa mainly in the Sahara and Sahel. Mali is flat mostly and arid. The population of Mali is Twenty million two hundred and fifty thousand eight hundred and eighty-three (20,250,883). The place known as Timbuktu is the hottest although bypassed by the Sahara, it was formerly known as the city with one of the largest collections. 

Of the ancient manuscripts in the world and a study centre, the temperature was recorded as being 130 degrees Fahrenheit.


Botswana is the second hottest country in Africa for most of the year, the climate is said to be semi-arid, the summer days are hot here especially before the cooling of the chips. Due to this, the shade temperature rises to thirty-eight (38) degrees Celsius and reaches forty-four (44) degrees Celsius in rare cases.

From the month of November to March, Botswana is very hot during this period.


This country is the hottest country in Africa, the town of Dulul holds the average yearly temperature record. In Dulul there is never a heat collapse and currently, it’s a ghost town due to the amount of heat especially in 1960. It was formerly a mining settlement and it is actually a volcanic region.


Despite how hot some of these countries are in Africa it is still a beautiful place and holds a lot of nature’s wonder.

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