Top 10 Most Developed Countries In Africa (2021)

Which countries are the most developed countries in Africa? Africa is the origin of humanity, and it has been home to mighty nations such as Ancient Egypt and the Mali Empire. However, as Western nations acquired strength in recent ages, they began invading African countries, slowing the advancement of African people.

After the colonial era in Africa ended, all African nations began to improve and grow, although at their own convenience. Some African countries still require foreign assistance to stand on their own two feet, while others may climb faster and construct industrialized cities in Africa.

The United Nations’ Human Development Index is a project that tracks the progress of 189 nations throughout the world by focusing on three major aspects of human development: lifespan (later renamed “Long and Healthy Life”), knowledge, and decent living standards.

They provide value to each country after examining all of the elements and comparing them to one another.

A number of more than 0.800 is considered very high, 0.700 to 0.799 is considered high, 0.550 to 0.699 is considered medium, and anything less than 0.550 is considered low.


In this article, we’ll look at Africa’s top ten most developed countries.

Top 10 Most Developed Countries In Africa

1. Seychelles, Human Development Index: 0.801

Seychelles is the most developed country in Africa. Seychelles is another East African island republic that is about 2.5 hours away from Mauritius. In 1976, it declared independence from the United Kingdom, following the same path as Mauritius.

Seychelles is not only known for its cool islands and for having one of Africa’s most stable economies.

It is also the most developed country in Africa in terms of infrastructure. The government is attempting to alleviate this burden on the economy by encouraging new types of foreign investment in Seychelles.

Within the recent decade, the economy of Seychelles has grown significantly. This makes Seychelles the most economically developed country in Africa.

2. Mauritius, Human Development Index: 0.796

Mauritius is an East African island country that won independence from the United Kingdom in 1968.

Since then, Mauritius’ economy has grown year after year, making it Africa’s most stable and secure economy.

The country is one of Africa’s most promising, with an estimated 1.3 million mixed population.

However, decreasing income-based inequality, which some belief has been on the rise despite the country’s significant development and economic gains in recent years, remains one of the nation’s most pressing concerns.

3. Algeria, Human Development Index: 0.759

The presence of infrastructure and the high standard of living enjoyed by Algerians reflects the state of the economy.

Within the last 20 years, the country has achieved the incredible feat of lowering poverty by 20%. With a GDP of 170.41 billion dollars, Algeria is the fourth-largest economy in Africa.

4. Tunisia, Human Development Index: 0.739

Tunisia is an African republic in North Africa that is the world’s only democratic Arab country. Tunisia has had a difficult recent history, but it has begun to recover in recent years, which has greatly aided its economy.

Tourism, agriculture, and electrical and mechanical exports are the mainstays of Tunisia’s economy.

The major economic difficulty facing Tunisia is dealing with the 30% of the population that lives in poverty.

5. Botswana, Human Development Index: 0.728

Because of its achievement in rising from the ashes of the colonial era after obtaining independence from Britain in 1966, Botswana serves as a role model for other African countries.

It was known to be one of the poorest countries in the world at the time of its independence. Yet, in a short period, it became a model of African development success.

The mining, construction, and service industries are all important to the country’s economy. Due to its stability and democratic government, Botswana is renowned as the “Switzerland of Africa.”

It is Africa’s second-most democratic country, after Mauritius, and it is proudly thriving year after year.

6. Libya, Human Development Index: 0.708

Libya was on the point of becoming a major global oil exporter. The government’s international relations were also improving, but Libya has been entangled in a civil war since the Arab uprising.

Cumulative inflation has pushed a large number of Libyan households into poverty in recent years, with many losing nearly 80% of their purchasing power.

All of these issues, however, did not prevent Libya from becoming one of Africa’s most industrialized countries.

7. South Africa, Human Development Index: 0.705

South Africa’s economy and infrastructure are both well-developed. This country has developed cities, a democratic government, and an excellent transportation system.

However, economic development has slowed in recent years, and the government is working to address income inequality in South Africa, which has one of the world’s highest rates of inequality.

 The country is a major exporter of gold and platinum, which has aided in the rapid development of critical industries.

8. Gabon, Human Development Index: 0.702

Gabon is one of Africa’s most educated and urbanized countries. This country is Africa’s fifth-largest oil producer, with oil accounting for roughly half of its GDP. 

Additionally, topmost households have seen steady growth over the last decade, but with the falling of its oil industry, the Gabonese government has begun to make progress in the private sector as a substitute for oil.

So far, the procedure has been effective.

9. Egypt, Human Development Index: 0.700

Egypt’s economic activities have improved significantly over the last decade, with the government adopting numerous amendments and reforms that are beginning to bear fruit, with GDP increasing by 5.3 per cent in just six years.

Egypt’s development has been aided by increased exports of goods and services, increased foreign exchange reserves, and a more dynamic tourism sector.

10. Morocco, Human Development Index: 0.676

Morocco is a country in North Africa with a stable and diverse economy. This country has experienced massive growth in various sectors of its economy.

Morocco is home to some of Africa’s most industrialized and beautiful cities, which attract millions of travellers each year.

However, the country has had certain internal issues that have slowed its development. The key problem continues to be engaging the private sector to help provide jobs for the rising younger generation.

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