Top 10 Smallest Countries In Africa By Area

Do you know the smallest countries in Africa by area? Africa has a land area of 30.3 million square kilometers and is the world’s second-largest continent, comprising more than 54 countries and embracing an area of more than 54 million square kilometers. Africa has a population of 1.2 billion people.

Some countries in the continent are astronomically large in size, but there are also a couple of little countries scattered around the continent. Below you can find the list of Africa’s top ten smallest countries.

Top 10 Smallest Countries In Africa By Area

1. Seychelles – 451 square kilometers

Seychelles are a group of 115 islands that make up the country of Seychelles and are located in the Indian Ocean. Located in the north of Madagascar, this country is a popular tourist destination. In spite of the fact that the country can rely on a number of islands, around two-thirds of them are unpopulated.

On Mahé, the most important and largest island in the country, 90 per cent of the population lives. As a comparison, Texel is almost the same size as this island, indicating how small Seychelles is. Seychelles is the smallest country in Africa by land area.


2. Sao Tome and Principe – 964 square kilometers

The Republic of Sao Tome and Principe is located west of Africa’s central region, in the region known as the Sao Tome Coastal region. Also located in the Gulf of Guinea, this island is a popular tourist destination.

The country is called after the two main islands in the group, the vast Sao Tome and the substantially smaller Principe. Sao Tome is the largest of the group’s islands, while Principe is the smallest. The several islands are substantially smaller in size, resulting in a total land area of only 964 square kilometers for this country.

The country has a total population of 187,356 people, with the vast majority of them residing in the capital city of Bangui.

3. Mauritius – 2,040 square kilometers.

Mauritius is one of the smallest countries in Africa by land area. Visitors who want to take advantage of the country’s tropical climate flock to Mauritius in large numbers. Mauritius is actually made up of a number of islands, including Mauritius, Rodrigues, the Agalega Islands, and the Cargados Carajos, which are all located in the Indian Ocean.

This port city, named after French King Louis XV, serves as the nation’s capital.

4. Comoros – 2,235 square kilometers.

Comoros are additionally a gathering of islands that together structure one state. The majority of the population is concentrated on three distinct islands: Grande Comore, Mohéli, and Anjouan. The rest of the country is made up of smaller, frequently uninhabited islands.

Comoros can be found east of Africa’s central region, in the Indian Ocean, where the peninsula is located. 

5. Cape Verde – 4,033 square kilometers.

Cape Verde is also one of the smallest countries in Africa by land area. Compared to the other nations on this list, the country of Cape Verde is much less lavish. Rather than being situated in the heart of Africa, the nation is really located in the Atlantic Ocean. It is classified as an island nation since each of the country’s ten islands has a volcanic origin, making it a volcanic island country.

Cape Verde, the peninsula that lends the nation its name, is located 570 kilometers away from the country’s capital, which is a tropical paradise.

6. The Gambia – 10,380 square kilometers.

In Africa, there is a country with a very unique physical appearance. It is known as The Gambia. The Gambia is a small country in West Africa with a total length of 250 kilometers that is located in the region of the Sahel.

Despite the fact that the country is several kilometers wide, it is a long, narrow section of the African landscape due to the fact that it is several kilometers wide. Approximately one-third of the territory is encircled by the Atlantic Ocean, with Senegal surrounding the other three-quarters of the country.

7. Swaziland – 17,364 square kilometers.

Swaziland, sometimes known as Eswatini, is a country in southern Africa that is a member of the Southern African Development Community. Each of the country’s borders with South Africa and Mozambique is shared by the other.

As opposed to having a single capital, the country has two capitals. As an example, the authoritative force in Mbabane is Mbabane, whereas the authoritative force in Lobamba, the royal capital of Swaziland, is Lobamba, the country’s authoritative force.

As evidenced by research indicating that this nation was possessed 100,000 years ago, it is believed to have had a long and prosperous history.

8. Djibouti –  23,200 square kilometers.

Djibouti is a country in eastern Africa, in a region known as the Horn of Africa, and it is the capital of that country. As a result of its proximity to one of the busiest transportation corridors on the globe, the tiny nation has a favourable geographic position.

Djibouti’s coastline is surrounded by the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden, which serve as natural harbours. As a result, it has historically been a major trade nation. In the case of Djibouti, for example, the ancient Egyptians conducted business with the country’s past rulers.

9. Rwanda – 26,338 square kilometers.

A much smaller country than Burundi, Rwanda is located directly above it on the African continent. While the conflict between Hutus and Tutsis in neighbouring Rwanda was horrific, the conflict between Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda was perhaps much more so, according to historians.

According to government figures from 1993, about 1,000,000 people were killed in the United States during that year. The restoration of harmony has enabled an increasing number of people to benefit from Rwanda’s high quality of life as a result of the restoration of harmony.

A mountain gorilla population may be found in this region, and the Nyungwe Forest is the location of the Nile’s origination.

10. Burundi –  27,830 square kilometers.

Burundi is a small country in Central Africa, situated between the nations of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, and Tanzania. Due to the tremendous fighting that has happened between the Hutu and Tutsi tribes in Burundi throughout history, the country has a fascinating history that deserves to be explored.

A large number of people have managed to escape the terrible violence that has been committed against them. At one point in the past, Germany and Belgium were both involved in the situation in Burundi.

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